Beginning of the 21st century has witnessed a tremendous upsurge of scientific activity in the field of 'Nanoscience'and 'Nanotechnology', whose seeds were sowed in the last century. Scientists, technocrats and even governments of many countries all over the world are convinced that 'Nanotechnology' based on 'Nanoscience' is the technology of 21st century. And Nanoelectronics is the most advanced of the Nanotechnologies and products using the Nanoelectronics are appearing in the market. Many of the countries in the world are embarking on ambitious programs on Nanoelectronics to address the needs of tomorrow's technologies. Centers of Excellence in Nanoelectronics (CEN) established at IISc, Bengaluru and IIT, Bombay (IITB) may be considered one among them.
The support of the project "Centers of Excellence in Nanoelectronics" by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) at Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru (IISc) and the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IITB) has enabled the process of creating a significant infrastructure, which will promote research and training in the area of nanoelectronics in India. Although the major focus of this project is research and training of in-house researchers and students at these Institutes, the facilities created under such a national initiative must also be available to researchers and students from other institutions, laboratories and industry. INUP is initiated to meet this goal.